Glen Robinson’s explains a bit of Syria’s history in his article Syria’s Long Civil War. Syrian borders were mainly based on the interest of colonial powers; therefore there is no real Syrian national identity. Allegiance is mostly based on ethnic or religious grounds.
- Sunni Arab-the revolution started in rural Sunni dominated areas.
- Kurdish-had been kept away in the beginning because of the regime’s strategy to appease the Kurds by granting them citizenship) but have recently seen an increase in the fighting.
- Alawite-in the areas of Latakia and Tartous strongly support the government
- Druze-in Sweida governorate also support the regime.
- Christians-among the major cities mostly support the regime, fearing an Islamist take over or a civil war Iraq-style.
|Source: Syria Deeply|